Common Health Issues in Pakistan
Common Health Issues in Pakistan - View Post - Young Pakistani Thinkers Portal
Moderator's Views ( Dr. Hasibullah )
on 06-01-2011 09:01:02
Pending the opening of a regular forum on health by the subject expert, I would like to grab the opportunity to introduce a common health issue which is prevalent in Pakistan. This is about the water-borne diseases. The prevention seems to be pretty much within the capabilities of common person, e.g, simple hygiene, disinfection of stagnant water, drinking boiled water, avoiding swimming in dirty water, etc. A lot of health and economic burden can be reduced on individual and national level by a simple shift in the attitudes. Considered views and practicable suggestions by the think tank will be useful for the nation.
Water born diseases and preventions
Access to drinking water supply is the first need of a healthy life and a basic human right. But in reality this right is not met, especially in developing countries like Pakistan, where 44% of the population have no access to safe drinking water. In rural areas 90% of the population may lack such access. It is estimated that in our country 200,000 children die every year due to diarrheal diseases alone, the main cause of which is the use of contaminated drinking water. The water get contaminated either due to solid particles like sand, gravel, clay and stones or due to the prevalence of hundreds of types of microorganisms which are non-visible to the naked eye. These organisms are causing serious as well as fatal diseases. According to the World Health Organization, diarrheal disease accounts for an estimated 4.1% of the total daily global average of the disease and 88% of this burden is attributable to unsafe water supply, sanitation and hygiene. The water born diseases includes cholera, influenza, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, fever, botulism, and in severe cases spleen and liver enlargement can occur if untreated.
I agree with the views of Dr. Hasibullah and want to add that prevention is better than cure. One should boil the water before drinking and can get better results by following these suggestions.
Keep boiling the water till it attains half of its initial volume will give you 100% germ free water because some bacteria are even tolerant to very high temperature.
Secondly by filtering the water through a nylon cloth with remove the solid wastes from it.
Thirdly water should be boil preferably in a steel container is safe for health.
Solar water disinfection is another low-cost method of purifying water that can often be adopted with locally and easily available materials.
These preventions are in everybody access, besides this avoid swimming in dirty water because the contaminated water gets in through oral or nasal ways or by exposures of wounds of the body to harmful pathogenic bacteria.